Amsterdam's identify derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's starting place round a dam within the river Amstel. Originating as a small fishing village within the past due twelfth century, Amsterdam turned probably the most very important ports on the planet through the Dutch Golden Age (17th century), end result of the its leading edge advancements in alternate. in the course of that point, the town used to be the major centre for finance and diamonds. within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries town multiplied, and plenty of new neighbourhoods and suburbs have been deliberate and equipped. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are at the UNESCO global historical past checklist. because the annexation of the municipality of Sloten in 1921 by means of the municipality of Amsterdam, the oldest old a part of town lies in Sloten (9th century).
As the economic capital of the Netherlands and one of many most sensible monetary centres in Europe, Amsterdam is taken into account an alpha international urban through the Globalization and international towns (GaWC) examine workforce. town is usually the cultural capital of the Netherlands. Many huge Dutch associations have their headquarters there, and 7 of the world's 500 biggest businesses, together with Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING, are established within the urban. additionally, many best expertise businesses have their ecu headquarters in Amsterdam, similar to Uber, Netflix and Tesla. In 2012.
Famous Amsterdam citizens contain the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and thinker Baruch Spinoza.
The Amsterdam inventory trade, the oldest inventory trade on this planet, is found within the urban centre. Amsterdam's major points of interest, together with its historical canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Anne Frank condominium, the Amsterdam Museum, its red-light district and its many hashish espresso retailers draw greater than five million overseas viewers annually. the town can be renowned for its nightlife and pageant task; numerous of its nightclubs (Melkweg, Paradiso) are one of the world's most famed. it's also one of many world's such a lot multicultural towns, with not less than 177 nationalities represented.
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Additional resources for Amsterdam: Most Liberal City (Photo Book Book 49)
Amsterdam: Most Liberal City (Photo Book Book 49)